GM Crop Database

Database Product Description

WKS82/130-4-1 (IFD-524Ø1-4)
Host Organism
Rosa x hybrida (Rose)
Flower colour altered.
Trait Introduction
Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated plant transformation.
Proposed Use

Production for the cut-flower industry.

Product Developer
Suntory Limited

Summary of Regulatory Approvals

Country Food Feed Environment Notes
Australia 2009 View
Japan 2008 View
United States 2011

Introduction Expand

Coming soon.

Summary of Introduced Genetic Elements Expand

Code Name Type Promoter, other Terminator Copies Form
5AT anthocyanin 5-acyltransferase PM

E12 35S Ω (CaMV and TMV)

nos (Agrobacterium tumefaciens)

F3’5’H flavonoid-3’,5’-hydroxylase PM

E12 35S Ω (CaMV and TMV)

nos (Agrobacterium tumefaciens)

nptII neomycin phosphotransferase type II SM

nos (Agrobacterium tumefaciens)

nos (Agrobacterium tumefaciens)


Characteristics of Rosa x hybrida (Rose) Expand

Center of Origin Reproduction Toxins Allergenicity

The earliest fossil record of rose was found in Alaska and dates back to the Paleocene epoch which ended 58 million years ago. Roses were widely dispersed by the Oligocene epoch, million years ago, in the western USA, Europe, and Asia.

Members of the Rosa genus reproduce via seeds, including seeds produced by apomixis, and asexually from stem cuttings and rhizomes.

There have been no reports in the literature of toxicity of rose plant parts. Rosa gallica contains pyrogallol tannins in levels that may cause symptoms such as gastroenteritis if ingested.

Although there are reports of occupational rose allergies, there is no conclusive evidence that rose plant parts or products made from rose plants cause allergic reactions.

Donor Organism Characteristics Expand

Latin Name Gene Pathogenicity
Torenia x hybrid 5AT

Throughout the world Torenia spp. are widely grown ornamental plants and are not known to be poisonous to people or other organisms. The scientific literature and toxic plant databases revealed no evidence that Torenia has any toxic or allergenic potential to people or is toxic to other organisms.

Viola x wittrockiana F3’5’H

Flower petals of Viola x wittrockiana are consumed by humans, but the plant is known to be mildly toxic when consumed by animals.

Escherichia coli (K-12) hyg

Escherichia coli is one of a number of microorganisms which are normal inhabitants of the colons of virtually all warm-blooded mammals. Ecoli belongs to the taxonomic family known asEnterobacteriaceae, which is one of the best-defined groups of bacteria. The strain Ecoli K-12 is a debilitated strain which does not normally colonize the human intestine. It has also been shown to survive poorly in the environment, has a history of safe commercial use, and is not known to have adverse effects on microorganisms or plants. 

Modification Method Expand

Coming soon.

Characteristics of the Modification Expand

Coming soon.

Environmental Safety Considerations Expand

Coming soon.

Food and/or Feed Safety Considerations Expand

Coming soon.

Links to Further Information Expand

This record was last modified on Wednesday, August 24, 2016