GM Crop Database

Database Product Description

PHY36
Host Organism
Brassica napus (Argentine Canola)
Trait
Glufosinate ammonium herbicide tolerance and fertility restored.
Trait Introduction
Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated plant transformation.
Proposed Use

Production for human consumption and livestock feed.

Product Developer
Aventis CropScience (formerly Plant Genetic Systems)

Summary of Regulatory Approvals

Country Food Feed Environment Notes
Japan 1997 1997 1997

Summary of Introduced Genetic Elements Expand

Code Name Type Promoter, other Terminator Copies Form
bar phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase HT PSsuAra from Arabidopsis thaliana chloroplast transit peptide from A. thaliana
barnase barnase ribonuclease MS pTa 29 pollen specific promoter from Nicotiana tabacum
barstar barnase ribonuclease inhibitor RF anther-specific promoter

Characteristics of Brassica napus (Argentine Canola) Expand

Center of Origin Reproduction Toxins Allergenicity

The species is native to India.

Canola flowers can self-pollinate, and they can also be cross-pollinated by insects and by wind.­

Brassica species can contain erucic acid and various glucosinolates, which can be toxic. However, commercial canola varieties have been bred to reduce the levels of these substances. Canola may contain elevated levels of tannins, which reduce the digestibility of seed protein, and sinapine, which is a bitter substance that can reduce the palatability of feeds made from canola meal.

­

Occupational exposure to pollen and seed flour have been associated with allergic reactions in humans. There are no known allergic reactions to canola oil.

­

Donor Organism Characteristics Expand

Latin Name Gene Pathogenicity
Streptomyces hygroscopicus bar S. hygroscopicus is ubiquitous in the soil and there have been no reports of adverse affects on humans, animals, or plants.

This record was last modified on Friday, March 26, 2010