GM Crop Database

Database Product Description

Host Organism
Brassica napus (Argentine Canola)

Pollination control system: male sterility; fertility restoration; herbicide tolerance, glyphosate; herbicide tolerance, glufosinate ammonium

Trait Introduction
Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated plant transformation.
Proposed Use

Production for human consumption and livestock feed.

Product Developer
Bayer CropScience USA LP

Summary of Regulatory Approvals

Country Food Feed Environment Notes
Australia 2011
Japan 2011 2012 2012
Korea 2015 2015
Mexico 2011 2011
Taiwan 2016

Introduction Expand

This stacked canola hybrid is a product of traditional plant breeding, and is therefore not automatically subject to regulation in all countries, unlike transgenic plants resulting from recombinant-DNA technologies. The approvals table above does not include entries from these countries. Other countries may request notification in advance of the release of a stacked hybrid, or may request information to conduct an environmental and food safety assessment, and these countries’ decisions are reflected in the approvals table.

Summary of Introduced Genetic Elements Expand

Code Name Type Promoter, other Terminator Copies Form
barnase barnase ribonuclease MS

PTA29 promoter from Nicotiana tabacum

3’nos terminator from A. tumefaciens


Characteristics of Brassica napus (Argentine Canola) Expand

Center of Origin Reproduction Toxins Allergenicity

The species is native to India.

Canola flowers can self-pollinate, and they can also be cross-pollinated by insects and by wind.­

Brassica species can contain erucic acid and various glucosinolates, which can be toxic. However, commercial canola varieties have been bred to reduce the levels of these substances. Canola may contain elevated levels of tannins, which reduce the digestibility of seed protein, and sinapine, which is a bitter substance that can reduce the palatability of feeds made from canola meal.


Occupational exposure to pollen and seed flour have been associated with allergic reactions in humans. There are no known allergic reactions to canola oil.


Donor Organism Characteristics Expand

Latin Name Gene Pathogenicity
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens barnase

B. amyloliquefaciens is a common soil bacterium frequently used as a source for industrial enzymes. It is not considered to be a pathogen, and in fact produces secondary metabolites that suppress soil-borne plant pathogens and thereby stimulates plant growth. The United States Environmental Protection Agency has determined that there are no adverse effects expected from exposure, although it recommends the use of respiratory protection to avoid allergic reactions resulting from work-related exposure.

Modification Method Expand

Coming soon.

Characteristics of the Modification Expand

Coming soon.

Environmental Safety Considerations Expand

Coming soon.

Food and/or Feed Safety Considerations Expand

Coming soon.

Links to Further Information Expand

Japan: Biosafety Clearing House, Ministry of Environment Korea National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Mexico Health Secretary Federal Commission for Protection against Health Risks

This record was last modified on Friday, August 11, 2017