GM Crop Database

Database Product Description

Host Organism
Phaseolus vulgaris (Common bean)
Pathogen Resistance
Trait Introduction
Microparticle bombardment of plant cells or tissue
Proposed Use

Production for human consumption and livestock feed.

Product Developer
EMBRAPA Mandioca e Fruiticultural Tropical

Summary of Regulatory Approvals

Country Food Feed Environment Notes
Brazil 2011 2011 2011

Introduction Expand

Coming soon.

Summary of Introduced Genetic Elements Expand

Code Name Type Promoter, other Terminator Copies Form
als acetolactate synthase HT

P-AHAS promoter from Arabidopsis thaliana

T-AHAS terminator from A. thaliana

AC1 rep gene from bean golden mosaic virus VR

P-35S promoter from cauliflower mosaic virus

3’OCS terminator from Agrobacterium tumefaciens octopine synthase


Partial sequences in the sense and antisense orientations

Characteristics of Phaseolus vulgaris (Common bean) Expand

Center of Origin Reproduction Toxins Allergenicity

A large body of evidence indicates that P. vulgaris originated in the New World. Archaeological records indicate that the species originated and was first domesticated as early as 5000 B.C., although there is evidence for a more recent origin in Mesoamerica. Multi-locus sequence data have indicated that the domestication of common bean was initiated 8,000 years ago.

Common bean is regarded primarily as a self-pollinating species, due to floral morphology. However bumble bees, carpenter bees, and honeybees have been identified as potential pollen carriers between cultivated bean plants. These species, as well as other insects such as thrips, are responsible for the low frequencies of outcrossing observed between bean varieties grown in close proximity. Published reports indicate that the outcrossing frequency approaches zero when bean plants are separated by 3 to 10 metres, but outcrossing rates are dependent on both the bean genotype and the environmental conditions.

In spite of good nutritional quality, common beans contain some constituents having anti-nutritional effects. Thus, adverse effects may be induced by tannins, phytates, protease inhibitors, and lectins. Kidney beans have also been reported to contain toxic cyanogenic compounds, but only at trace levels having no health implications for the consumer.

Common bean is generally not considered to be a source of allergens.

Donor Organism Characteristics Expand

Latin Name Gene Pathogenicity
Arabidopsis thaliana BBX32

A. thaliana is not known to be a human or animal pathogen. There is evidence that researchers working with the plant may develop occupational allergies.

Bean golden mosaic virus 5AT

Although BCMV is a plant pathogen, it is not pathogenic to humans or animals.

Modification Method Expand

Coming soon.

Characteristics of the Modification Expand

Coming soon.

Environmental Safety Considerations Expand

Coming soon.

Food and/or Feed Safety Considerations Expand

Coming soon.

Links to Further Information Expand

This record was last modified on Wednesday, February 17, 2016